Mali Orders Head of UN’s Peacekeeping Mission to Leave Country

A United Nation armoured vehicle with the MINUSMA, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali, patrols in the desert outside Menaka on March 14, 2020 during the congress of the Movement for the Salvation of Azawad (MSA) a Tuareg political and armed movement in the Azawad Region in Mali.

Mali’s ruling military junta declared on Sunday a senior official of the United Nations peacekeeping mission persona non grata, giving him 48 hours to leave the country.

In a statement read on TV, government spokesman Colonel Abdoulaye Maiga accused Guillaume Ngefa Atonodok Andali, head of MINUSMA’s human rights section, of bias in the choice of civil society witnesses for UN Security Council briefings on Mali.

“This measure comes after the destabilizing and subversive actions of Monsieur Andali,” Maiga said.

The Malian government particularly singled out the last such briefing, which took place on January 27.

During the briefing, rights activist Aminata Cheick Dicko denounced the security situation in the country, and accused the regime’s Russian partner, the Wagner group, of serious rights violations.

UN experts called on January 31 for an independent investigation into potential war crimes and crimes against humanity, purportedly committed by the Malian armed forces and the Russian private military contractor.

In a statement delivered during the UNSC January 27 meeting, UN Deputy Representative Richard Mills described Wagner as a “criminal organization that is committing widespread atrocities and human rights abuses in Mali and elsewhere.”

Mills also said the Malian authorities had blocked the MINUSMA mission from deterring and responding to attacks as well as investigating alleged human rights abuses on 237 separate occasions.

Set up in 2013, MINUSMA’s mission, or the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, aimed to stabilize Mali amid a growing jihadist insurgency.

However, relations between the mission and the ruling regime became tense recently, especially following the military take-over in a 2020 coup, followed by another coup nine months later.

In August 2022, Malian authorities also expelled MINUSMA Spokesman Olivier Salgado, and ordered the temporary suspension of the mission’s group rotations.

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