In 2016, an estimated 1 million children became ill with TB and 250 000 children died of TB (including children with HIV associated TB).
TB is a leading killer of HIV-positive people: in 2016, 40% of HIV deaths were due to TB.
About 82% of TB deaths among HIV-negative people occurred in the WHO African Region and the WHO South-East Asia Region in 2016
Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) remains a public health crisis and a health security threat. WHO estimates that there were 451,551 new cases with resistance to rifampicin in the African region – the most effective first-line drug.
Globally, TB incidence is falling at about 2% per year. This needs to accelerate to a 4–5% annual decline to reach the 2020 milestones of the End TB Strategy.
Globally an estimated 53 million lives were saved between 2000 and 2015 and 10 million lives were saved in the African Region between 2000 and 2014 through TB diagnosis and treatment.